In the midst of some of the hottest months of summer, young athletes are just beginning practice sessions for fall sports. During this time, it’s important for athletes, coaches and trainers to be adequately prepared for the heat — and for physicians to be prepared to treat heat illnesses.
According to the American Academy of Pediatric Dentists (AAPD), early childhood caries (tooth decay) is the most prevalent chronic, infectious childhood disease, five times more common than asthma and four times more common than childhood obesity. In response to the prevalence, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) created the Campaign for Dental Health (CDH), which includes a group of oral health advocates and health care professionals working in partnership to ensure that the whole population has access to fluoride via community water fluoridation — the most effective and affordable way to prevent tooth decay. …Read More
Diarrhea is a very common problem. Almost every child has at least one episode of infectious viral gastroenteritis in his or her life (like rotavirus or norovirus) marked by fever, vomiting and watery diarrhea. While most diarrhea is self-limiting, it is important to recognize when testing is needed, when medical evaluation and fluid support may be helpful, and when to suspect a chronic problem that requires specialist testing and endoscopy to find the cause and direct specific treatments, be they drugs or special diets and supplements. …Read More
Genetic disorders are individually rare, but when you add them up, they’re relatively common in pediatric neurology. They can underlie epilepsy, neuromuscular disease, stroke, autism, intellectual disability, inflammatory brain disease, white matter disease and movement disorders.
A molecular diagnosis can spare children from further unnecessary diagnostic testing and allows for anticipatory guidance. Test results can help guide family planning, and may allow for preimplantation genetic diagnosis if parents are pursuing in vitro fertilization (IVF). A genetic diagnosis can also directly affect therapy, as in inborn errors of metabolism and channelopathies for which treatments are already available.
When should you consider genetic testing, and where should you start?