High blood pressure is notoriously difficult to detect in children. And the consequences of undiagnosed hypertension can be severe.
Sustained high blood pressure can lead to target end-organ disease, meaning long term effects on:
- the kidney, e.g. renal insufficiency and ultimately end stage kidney disease
- the heart, e.g. left ventricular hypertrophy and ultimately congestive heart failure
In children, “the difference between normal and abnormal blood pressure can be small, depending on factors like age, height and weight,” says Sarah de Ferranti, MD, director of the Preventive Cardiology Program at Boston Children’s Hospital.
A reading of 120/75 would be:
- Stage two hypertension in a two-year old
- Stage one hypertension in a seven-year old
- Pre-hypertension in an 11-year old
- Either normal or pre-hypertension in a 17-year old
- A normal reading for an adult
“Not all kids with high blood pressure are overweight, but all overweight kids are at risk for high blood pressure,” adds de Ferranti. …Read More