Stories about: survivorship

Cancer treatment and fertility: Acting now to have children later

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With over 75 percent of children diagnosed with cancer surviving into adulthood, more and more parents ask questions about the quality of life survivors can expect in the future, including: Will my child be able to have children down the road?

They’re right to be concerned. The therapies that are so effective at saving children’s lives can themselves cause a host of problems that don’t manifest until years later. These late effects of cancer treatment include particularly harsh impacts on fertility.

“Cancer treatment impairs ovarian function by reducing the number of eggs in them,” says Elizabeth Ginsburg, MD, a fertility specialist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital who collaborates with Lisa Diller, MD, the chief medical officer of Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center. “It’s as though it pushes the ovaries further down the age curve. So while a woman who has survived childhood cancer may be 20 years old, her ovaries act like they’re 35 or 40.”

Boys are not exempt from these concerns. “Boys are at the same relative risk for infertility due to treatment,” says Richard Yu, MD, PhD, who works on male infertility in the Boston Children’s Department of Urology. “The same chemotherapy and radiation treatments that affect the ovaries can also wipe out the sperm stem cells in the testes.” …Read More

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Increased autoimmunity risk among childhood cancer survivors?

 

girl doctor exam childhood cancer survivor
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Survivors of pediatric cancer can face many increased risks — second cancers, heart disease, fertility loss, etc. — depending on the kind of cancer they were treated for and the treatments that were used.

A study out of Lund University in Sweden suggests one more for the list: autoimmunity. In a paper in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, researchers report that cancer registry data from three Scandinavian countries reveal an average 40 percent increase in the risk of autoimmune diseases among childhood cancer survivors. For some cancers, the risk increase was upwards of 60 percent.

“I think this paper raises this issue as one for awareness in the clinical setting and for future study,” said Lynda Vrooman, MD, a pediatric oncologist and cancer survivorship specialist with the Hematologic Malignancy Center at Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center. “There are not, that I am familiar with, currently guidelines that inform recommendations for screening for autoimmune disorder in survivors or current clear strategies for reducing risk. This paper raises this as an issue for awareness moving forward and for further investigation.”

Read more about the study on Medscape.

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The time is now: Reducing the toxicity of cancer treatment

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(Pruit Phatsrivong/Shutterstock)

Looking back over the last half a century—maybe not even that long—one can see how the conversation about treatment in pediatric oncology has evolved. It used to be that survival rate was the primary, maybe only, concern among pediatric oncologists. How can we help more children and achieve more cures?

Fast forward to today. With experience and experiment has come greater knowledge of the biology underlying many solid, neurological and hematologic malignancies. That knowledge has, in turn, opened opportunities to reduce the long-term toxicity of cancer treatment and improve survivorship along with survival. How can we help more children survive, and survive better?

“These discussions are no longer in the background. They’re right up front,” says Elizabeth Mullen, MD, of Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center‘s Solid Tumor Center. “There’s much more focus on avoiding late toxicities because of the success rates that we see. It’s so much more of how we think now, even when we’re treating high-risk disease. It’s always part of the conversation.”

…Read More

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Tips when caring for childhood cancer survivors

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As more and more children survive cancer, it is estimated that 1 in 300 young adults is a childhood cancer survivor. These survivors are returning in ever-greater numbers to their primary care providers (PCPs) for their ongoing care. PCPs may be challenged in caring for these survivors, because they were treated with many different therapies associated with rare, but significant, complications or “late effects.”

Lisa Diller, MD, chief medical officer of Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s and medical director of the David B. Perini, Jr. Quality of Life Clinic, spoke to MedPageToday about her five top tips for adult or family PCPs managing the care of adult patients who survived childhood cancer.

Below, Diller and Peter Manley, MD,a Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s neuro-oncologist and director of the Stop & Shop Family Pediatric Neuro-Oncology Outcomes Clinic, share their recommendations for pediatricians seeing cancer survivors who are still in their childhood or adolescent years. …Read More

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